Hernán Cortés: Conqueror of the Aztecs
Hernan Cortés invaded Mexico in and conquered the Aztec Empire Cortés had heard of the Aztecs and knew that they, and their leader. Cortés conquered the Aztec empire with the last emperors of the aztec empire being Montezuma and Cuahtemoc. The reason was because. Pizarro had a relationship much like Cortez. He befriended them for a short time, then found the right time to strike down on the Incas.
He was the only son of noble, though not wealthy, parents. He became fascinated with tales of Christopher Columbus ' New World explorations. Columbus had set sail hoping to find a route to Asia or India.
Nutmeg, cloves and pomander from the Indonesian "Spice Islands" and pepper and cinnamon from India were in high demand, said Cosme. He decided to seek fortune and adventure in Hispaniola modern-day Dominican Republic and Haiti. Inhe joined Diego Velasquez's expedition to conquer Cuba. He convinced Velasquez, the governor of Cuba, to let him lead an expedition to Mexico. Velasquez canceled the voyage at the last minute.
Mexico had been discovered by the Spanish just a year prior, and they were eager to settle it. He quickly overpowered them, and the natives surrendered.
Cortés and the Aztecs - Cortes and the Aztecs | HowStuffWorks
She actually had a pretty high status for both a woman and a native during this time and place among the Spaniards. On the southeastern coast he founded Veracruz, where he dismissed the authority of Velasquez and declared himself under orders from King Charles I of Spain. He disciplined his men and trained them to act as a cohesive unit of soldiers. He also burned his ships to make retreat impossible. Book illustration by J. The Aztec god Quetzalcoatl, whom they credited with the creation of humans among other notable feats, was set to return to Earth.
Montezuma sent out envoys to meet the conquistador as he neared. The Aztecs were fascinated by the Spaniards' light skin and the sight of men on horseback, which they described as beasts with two heads and six legs. The Spanish fired shots, which stunned the natives and further intimidated them. He is the Spanish conquistador Cortes.
Cortes advances into Mexico: They carry some men, 16 horses and about 20 guns of various sizes. The Spanish party is soon confronted by a large number of Indians in a battle where the effect of horses and guns both new to the Indians is rapidly decisive. Peace is made and presents exchanged - including twenty Indian women for the Spaniards.
Cortes then sails further along the coast and founds a settlement at Veracruz, leaving some of his party to defend it. Before proceeding inland, Cortes makes a bold gesture. He sinks ten of his ships, claiming that they are worm-eaten and dangerous. The single surviving vessel is offered to any of his soldiers and now sailors too, about in all, liberated from their previous duties who would prefer to return immediately to Cuba, publicly admitting that they have no stomach for the great task ahead.
Aztec capital falls to Cortés
No one takes him up. His small party is now irretrievably committed to the success of the adventure. Cortes leads them into the interior of the country.Fall of Tenochtitlan (1521) - Spanish-Aztec War DOCUMENTARY
The next battles, far more dangerous than the first encounters on the coast, are with the Tlaxcala people. The Spaniards eventually defeat them, and are received as conquerors in their capital city.
This is a victory of great significance in the unfolding story, for the Tlaxcaltecs are in a state of permanent warfare with their dangerous neighbours. Any enemy of the Aztecs is a friend of theirs. They become, and remain, loyal allies of the Spaniards in Mexico.
In November when Cortes approaches Tenochtitlanthe capital of the Aztecs, his small force is augmented by Tlaxtalecs. But to the astonishment of the Spaniards, no force is needed. He also knows that this is a One-Reed year in the Mexican calendar cycle, when the fair-skinned bearded Quetzalcoatl will at some time return.
He sends the approaching Spaniards a succession of embassies, offering rich gifts if they will turn back. When these fail, he decides against opposing the intruders with force.
Instead Cortes is greeted in Tenochtitlan, on 8 Novemberwith the courtesy due to Quetzalcoatl or his emissary. In the words of one of the small band of conquistadors, they seemed to have Luck on their side. For a week Cortes and his companions enjoy the hospitality of the emperor. They sit in his hall of audience and attempt to convert him to Christianity. They clatter round his city on their horses, in full armour, to see the sights they are particularly shocked by the slab for human sacrifice and the newly extracted hearts at the top of the temple pyramid.
But Cortes is well aware of the extreme danger of the situation. He devises a plan by which the emperor will be removed from his own palace and transferred to the building where the Spaniards are lodged.
The capture of the emperor is carried out with a brilliantly controlled blend of persuasion and threat. The result is that Montezuma appears to maintain his full court procedure under Spanish protection. A few hundred Spaniards have taken control of the mighty Aztec empire.
During the next year,chaos and upheaval result from the approach of a rival Spanish expedition, launched from Cuba to deprive Cortes of his spoils. He is able to defeat it, but at a high price. In his absence the 80 Spaniards left in Tenochtitlan lose control of the city - largely thanks to their own barbarous treatment of the inhabitants. When Cortes returns, he finds garrison and emperor besieged together. He persuades Montezuma to address his people from a turret, urging peace.
The hail of missiles greeting this attempt leaves the emperor mortally wounded. The situation is now so desperate that Cortes withdraws his army from the city in haste, in Julyduring 'the Sorrowful Night'.
With Tlaxcala assistance he captures it again a year later, on 13 August There is no further Aztec resistance.