Consanguinity affinity and spiritual relationship with yourself

SUMMA THEOLOGIAE: The impediment of spiritual relationship (Supplementum, Q. 56)

consanguinity affinity and spiritual relationship with yourself

Relationships of Consanguinity - Two people are related to each other by consanguinity if one is a descendant of the other or if they share a common ancestor. In Catholic canon law, affinity is an impediment to marriage of a couple due to the relationship which either party has as a result of a kinship relationship created. Objection 1 It would seem that spiritual relationship does not pass from But the bodily consanguinity of the husband passes to his wife by affinity. spiritual birth save accidentally, since one of them would be self-sufficient for the purpose.

Objection 1 It would seem that spiritual relationship does not pass from husband to wife. For spiritual and bodily union are disparate and differ generically.

Therefore carnal union which is between husband and wife cannot be the means of contracting a spiritual relationship. Objection 2 Further, the godfather and godmother have more in common in the spiritual birth that is the cause of spiritual relationship, than a husband, who is godfather, has with his wife. Now godfather and godmother do not hereby contract spiritual relationship. Therefore neither does a wife contract a spiritual relationship through her husband being godfather to someone.

Objection 3 Further, it may happen that the husband is baptized, and his wife not, for instance when he is converted from unbelief without his wife being converted. Now spiritual relationship cannot be contracted by one who is not baptized. Therefore it does not always pass from husband to wife. Objection 4 Further, husband and wife together can raise a person from the sacred font, since no law forbids it. If therefore spiritual relationship passed from husband to wife, it would follow that each of them is twice godfather or godmother of the same individual: On the contrary Spiritual goods are more communicable than bodily goods.

consanguinity affinity and spiritual relationship with yourself

Further, the instruction given to the baptized by preaching to them avails no less than preaching to those who are not yet baptized. But no spiritual relationship results from preaching.

A Clearing for a healthy relationship (with self or others)

Neither therefore does it result from catechism. On the other hand, It is written 1 Corinthians 4: Therefore spiritual relationship results from the preaching of the gospel and instruction, and not only from Baptism. Further, as original sin is taken away by Baptismso is actual sin taken away by Penance. Therefore just as Baptism causes spiritual relationship, so also does Penance.

Further, "father" denotes relationship. Now a man is called another's spiritual father in respect of Penance, teaching, pastoral care and many other like things. Therefore spiritual relationship is contracted from many other sources besides Baptism and Confirmation. I answer that, There are three opinions on this question. Some say that as spiritual regeneration is bestowed by the sevenfold grace of the Holy Ghostit is caused by means of seven things, beginning with the first taste of blessed salt and ending with Confirmation given by the bishop: But this does not seem reasonable, for carnal relationship is not contracted except by a perfect act of generation.

Wherefore affinity is not contracted except there be mingling of seeds, from which it is possible for carnal generation to follow. Now spiritual generation is not perfected except by a sacrament: Hence others say that spiritual relationship is only contracted through three sacramentsnamely catechism, Baptism and Confirmation, but these do not apparently know the meaning of what they say, since catechism is not a sacrament but a sacramental.

Wherefore others say that it is contracted through two sacraments only, namely Confirmation and Baptismand this is the more common opinion. Some however of these say that catechism is a weak impediment, since it hinders the contracting of marriage but does not void the contract.

Carnal birth is twofold. The first is in the womb, wherein that which is born is a weakling and cannot come forth without danger: The second is birth from out of the womb, when that which was born in the womb is so far strengthened that it can without danger face the outer world which has a natural corruptive tendency. To this is likened Confirmation, whereby man being strengthened goes forth abroad to confess the name of Christ.

Hence spiritual relationship is fittingly contracted through both these sacraments. The effect of the sacrament of order is not regeneration but the bestowal of power, for which reason it is not conferred on womenand consequently no impediment to marriage can arise therefrom.

Hence this kind of relationship does not count. In catechism one makes a profession of future Baptismjust as in betrothal one enters an engagement of future marriage. Wherefore just as in betrothal a certain kind of propinquity is contracted, so is there in catechism, whereby marriage is rendered at least unlawful, as some say; but not in the other sacraments. There is not made a profession of faith in the other sacramentals of Baptismas in catechism: The same answer applies to the Fifth and Sixth Objections.

Reply to Objection 7. The Apostle had instructed them in the faith by a kind of catechism; and consequently his instruction was directed to their spiritual birth. Reply to Objection 8. Properly speaking a spiritual relationship is not contracted through the sacrament of Penance. Wherefore a priest's son can marry a woman whose confession the priest has heard, else in the whole parish he could not find a woman whom he could marry. Nor does it matter that by Penance actual sin is taken away, for this is not a kind of birth, but a kind of healing.

Nevertheless Penance occasions a kind of bond between the woman penitent and the priestthat has a resemblance to spiritual relationship, so that if he have carnal intercourse with her, he sins as grievously as if she were his spiritual daughter.

The reason of this is that the relations between priest and penitent are most intimate, and consequently in order to remove the occasion of sin this prohibition [Can. Omnes quos, and seqq.

consanguinity affinity and spiritual relationship with yourself

Reply to Objection 9. A spiritual father is so called from his likeness to a carnal father. Now as the Philosopher says Ethic.

Nevertheless he has not, through being his spiritual father, a spiritual relationship with him, unless he is like a carnal father as to generation which is the way to being. This solution may also be applied to the foregoing Eighth Objection. Whether spiritual relationship is contracted between the person baptized and the person who raises him from the sacred font? It would seem that spiritual relationship is not contracted between the person baptized and the person who raises him from the sacred font.

For in carnal generation carnal relationship is contracted only on the part of the person of whose seed the child is born; and not on the part of the person who receives the child after birth. Therefore neither is spiritual relationship contracted between the receiver and the received at the sacred font. Further, he who raises a person from the sacred font is called anadochos by Dionysius Eccl.

Affinity (law) - Wikipedia

But instruction is not a sufficient cause of spiritual relationship, as stated above Article 2. Therefore no relationship is contracted between him and the person whom he raises from the sacred font. Further, it may happen that someone raises a person from the sacred font before he himself is baptized. Now spiritual relationship is not contracted in such a case, since one who is not baptized is not capable of spirituality.

Therefore raising a person from the sacred font is not sufficient to contract a spiritual relationship. On the contrary, There is the definition of spiritual relationship quoted above Article 1as also the authorities mentioned in the text Sent.

I answer that, Just as in carnal generation a person is born of a father and mother, so in spiritual generation a person is born again a son of God as Father, and of the Church as Mother. Now while he who confers the sacrament stands in the place of Godwhose instrument and minister he is, he who raises a baptized person from the sacred font, or holds the candidate for Confirmation, stands in the place of the Church.

Therefore spiritual relationship is contracted with both. Not only the father, of whose seed the child is born, is related carnally to the child, but also the mother who provides the matterand in whose womb the child is begotten. So too the godparent who in place of the Church offers and raises the candidate for Baptism and holds the candidate for Confirmation contracts spiritual relationship.

He contracts spiritual relationship not by reason of the instruction it is his duty to give, but on account of the spiritual birth in which he co-operates. A person who is not baptized cannot raise anyone from the sacred font, since he is not a member of the Church whom the godparent in Baptism represents: And yet he cannot contract a spiritual relationship, since he is void of spiritual life to which man is first born by receiving Baptism.

Of the Impediment of Spiritual Relationship

Whether spiritual relationship passes from husband to wife? It would seem that spiritual relationship does not pass from husband to wife. For spiritual and bodily union are disparate and differ generically. Therefore carnal union which is between husband and wife cannot be the means of contracting a spiritual relationship.

Whether spiritual relationship passes from husband to wife?

Further, the godfather and godmother have more in common in the spiritual birth that is the cause of spiritual relationship, than a husband, who is godfather, has with his wife. Now godfather and godmother do not hereby contract spiritual relationship. Therefore neither does a wife contract a spiritual relationship through her husband being godfather to someone. Further, it may happen that the husband is baptizedand his wife not, for instance when he is converted from unbelief without his wife being converted.

Now spiritual relationship cannot be contracted by one who is not baptized. Therefore it does not always pass from husband to wife. Further, husband and wife together can raise a person from the sacred font, since no law forbids it. If therefore spiritual relationship passed from husband to wife, it would follow that each of them is twice godfather or godmother of the same individual: On the contrary, Spiritual goods are more communicable than bodily goods. But the bodily consanguinity of the husband passes to his wife by affinity.

Much more therefore does spiritual relationship. I answer that, A may become co-parent with B in two ways. First, by the act of another Bwho baptizes A's child, or raises him in Baptism. In this way spiritual relationship does not pass from husband to wife, unless perchance it be his wife's child, for then she contracts spiritual relationship directly, even as her husband.