Francisco Franco | Biography, Nickname, Beliefs, & Facts | klokkenluideronline.info
It wasn't really Franco, of course, but a life-sized, silicon sculpture of the him as a murderous fascist who is comparable to Hitler or Mussolini. Spain's Franco and Germany's Hitler had something else in common apart was marred by the disturbing relationship he had with his father. Francisco Franco Bahamonde was a Spanish general who ruled over Spain as a military . To his father's chagrin, Francisco decided to try the Spanish Army. . Because Adolf Hitler and Joseph Stalin used the war as a testing ground for nor did he have good relations with Germany; Queipo de Llano and Cabanellas had.
Yet it was quite common for the Conservative Officers to be moved or demoted. New elections held in October resulted in a centre-right majority. This uprising was rapidly quelled in most of the country, but gained a stronghold in Asturiaswith the support of the miners ' unions. Franco, already General of Division and aide to the war minister, Diego Hidalgowas put in command of the operations directed to suppress the insurgency.
After two weeks of heavy fighting and a death toll estimated between 1, and 2,the rebellion was suppressed. The insurgency in Asturias see Asturian miners' strike of sharpened the antagonism between Left and Right. Some time after these events, Franco was briefly commander-in-chief of the Army of Africa from 15 February onwardsand from 19 Mayon, Chief of the General Staff.
Spanish general election, After the ruling centre-right coalition collapsed amid the Straperlo corruption scandal, new elections were scheduled. Two wide coalitions formed: On 16 Februarythe left won by a narrow margin.
The government and its supporters, the Popular Front, had launched a campaign against the Opposition whom they accused of plotting against the Republic.
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According to the right-wing opposition, the real enemies of the Republic were not on the Right but on the Left; Spain was in imminent danger of falling under a "Communist dictatorship", and therefore by fighting the democratically elected Popular Front, they were merely doing their duty in defence of law and order and of the freedom and the fundamental rights of the Spanish people. In June, Franco was contacted and a secret meeting was held within the forest of La Esperanza on Tenerife to discuss starting a military coup.
On 23 Junehe wrote to the head of the government, Casares Quirogaoffering to quell the discontent in the Spanish Republican Armybut received no reply. After various postponements, 18 July was fixed as the date of the uprising. The situation reached a point of no return and, as presented to Franco by Mola, the coup was unavoidable and he had to choose a side. He decided to join the rebels and was given the task of commanding the Army of Africa. On 18 July, Franco published a manifesto  and left for Africa, where he arrived the next day to take command.
Francisco Franco - HISTORY
A week later the rebels, who soon called themselves the Nationalists, controlled a third of Spain; most naval units remained under control of the Republican loyalist forces, which left Franco isolated.
The coup had failed in the attempt to bring a swift victory, but the Spanish Civil War had begun. Despite the Non-Intervention Agreement of Augustthe war was marked by foreign intervention on behalf of both sides, leading to international repercussions.
They were opposed by the Soviet Union and communist, socialists and anarchists within Spain. This interpretation has not found acceptance among most historians, who consider the Spanish Civil War and Second World War to be two distinct conflicts. Among other things, they point to the political heterogeneity on both sides See Spanish Civil War: The first months[ edit ] Following 18 July pronunciamientoFranco assumed the leadership of the 30, soldiers of the Spanish Army of Africa.
The first days of the insurgency were marked with a serious need to secure control over the Spanish Moroccan Protectorate. On one side, Franco had to win the support of the natives and their nominal authorities, and, on the other, had to ensure his control over the army.
His method was the summary execution of some senior officers loyal to the Republic one of them his own cousin. His loyal bodyguard was shot by Manuel Blanco. He requested help from Benito Mussoliniwho responded with an unconditional offer of arms and planes; in Germany Wilhelm Canaristhe head of the Abwehr military intelligence, persuaded Hitler to support the Nationalists. From 20 July onward Franco was able, with a small group of 22 mainly German Junkers Ju 52 aircraft, to initiate an air bridge to Sevillewhere his troops helped to ensure the rebel control of the city.
Through representatives, he started to negotiate with the United Kingdom, Germany, and Italy for more military support, and above all for more aircraft. Negotiations were successful with the last two on 25 July and aircraft began to arrive in Tetouan on 2 August. On 5 August Franco was able to break the blockade with the newly arrived air support, successfully deploying a ship convoy with some 2, soldiers.
All these planes had the Nationalist Spanish insignia painted on them, but were flown by Italian and German nationals.
The backbone of Franco's aviation in those days were the Italian SM. Therefore, in the nationalist zone, "political life ceased. From 24 July a coordinating junta was established, based at Burgos. Nominally led by Cabanellas, as the most senior general,  it initially included Mola, three other generals, and two colonels; Franco was later added in early August.
Franco's previous aloofness from politics meant that he had few active enemies in any of the factions that needed to be placated, and also he had cooperated in recent months with both Germany and Italy. Moreover, his General Military Academy was shut down. Nevertheless, Franco was brought back into the good graces of the government in when a center-right coalition won elections. The following year he deployed troops from Morocco to Asturias in northern Spain to suppress a leftist revolt, an action that left some 4, dead and tens of thousands imprisoned.
Meanwhile, street violence, political killings and general disorder were ramping up on both the right and the left. In Franco became army chief of staff. When a leftist coalition won the next round of elections in Februaryhe and other military leaders began discussing a coup. Franco and the Spanish Civil War Banished to a remote post in the Canary Islands, Franco initially hesitated in his support of the military conspiracy.
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On July 18,military officers launched a multipronged uprising that put them in control of most of the western half of the country. He also made contacts with Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy, securing arms and other assistance that would continue throughout the duration of what became known as the Spanish Civil War He unified a base of support by securing the backing of the Catholic Church, combining the fascist and monarchist political parties, and dissolving all other political parties.
Meanwhile, on the way north, his men—who included fascist militia groups—machine-gunned hundreds or perhaps thousands of Republicans in the town of Badajoz. An additional tens of thousands of political prisoners would be executed by Nationalists later on in the fighting. The internally divided Republicans, who murdered their own share of political opponents, could not stop the slow Nationalist advance despite support from the Soviet Union and International Brigades.
German and Italian bombardments helped the Nationalists conquer Basque lands and Asturias in Barcelona, the heart of Republican resistance, fell in Januaryand Madrid surrendered that March, effectively ending the conflict. Life Under Franco Many Republican figures fled the country in the wake of the civil war, and military tribunals were set up to try those who remained.