The Wolf and Ravens
There are a lot of respectable examples from studies in the wild, which B. Heinrich () suggests that ravens evolved with wolves in a mutualism that is. Wolves Much like their human counterparts, ravens and wolves have formed a mutually beneficial relationship in which they seem to both. are expected. Examples of such foraging strategies. include: travelling between ravens and wolves at and away from a food. source, making comparisons interspecific communication in a symbiotic relationship. Science .
Investigations and Adventures with Wolf-Birds," zoologist Bernd Heinrich has suggested a basis for this association. Ravens lead wolves to their prey, alert them to dangers, and are rewarded by sharing the spoils.
This unusual partnership also finds expression in Scripture. The only person in Scripture named after the wolf, the Midianite chieftain Ze'ev, had a partner named Orev, which means Raven in Hebrew.
Or perhaps they had different names, but Scripture calls them by these names in order to tell us something about them. Aside from the social and symbiotic relationship between wolves and ravens, there is another connection between them. The Hebrew name for raven, orev, is comprised of the same letters as the word erev, dusk. Dusk is the time so epitomized by wolves that they are repeatedly referred to as "the wolves of dusk".
According to some they are referred to solely by the name "dusky" in the Egyptian plague, the same word used as the name of the raven. The Midrash, a commentary on part of the Hebrew scriptures, also records a view that that the Egyptian plague of arov was comprised of ravens and other such birds, but another view maintains that it was both wolves and ravens. The etymology of the name orev for raven is simple to explain in terms of the raven's black plumage, reminiscent of the onset of night.
But one can also see other ways in which the raven is related to this word. Erev, or dusk, is the time when day mixes with night. In fact, the word for mixture in Hebrew is ervuv.
Ravens are a mixture in that they are the only bird to possess two of the signs of kosher birds as well as two of the signs of non-kosher birds — a true mixture.
The Midrash notes that the raven also has a tendency to mix even when mixing is forbidden: Ham, the raven, and the dog. Perhaps it is for this reason that the chieftains of Midian are called Ze'ev and Orev by the Torah. The crime of Midian was to send their girls to mix and intermingle with the Jewish People.
Ravens and wolves are both creatures that represent dusk, the mixture of light and dark, and also mixing in general. Furthermore they mix with each other, mammal with bird. The dusky ravens and wolves of dusk are both symbols of the mixing of two distinct realms. In a commentary to Exodus 8: Bernd Heinrich in "Mind of the Raven: Investigations and Adventures with Wolf-Birds" wrote: The wolves' howls before they go on a hunt, and it is a signal that the birds learn to heed.
- The Raven and the Wolf—a Study in Symbiosis
- The Wolf and Ravens
About the best that they are able to do, is forage on the eyes, or perhaps an exposed tongue in an open mouth. They will yell in the presence of an unopened carcass, which will draw wolves, and they will naturally, investigate and do what the raven wants to get into it.
The Raven and the Wolf—a Study in Symbiosis | Owlcation
It benefits both of them. Are these animals symbiotic? In a sense, they appear to be. Ravens have been observed around wolf families at rest, and have even gently pulled the tails of pups in order to get a reaction, just as they do with the adults. They will do the same with eagles, and an eagle can surely do them grievous bodily injury.
Wolves and Ravens – Nature’s Odd Couple
Ravens depend on the wolves to kill for them and open the carcass, but also to overcome their fear. This strongly suggests an ancient evolutionary history, and ravens have been of great interest for centuries. In a sense, they are forming social attachments, as both form bonds with one another. When wolves stop to rest, ravens have been observed roosting in trees, where they can watch and harass the wolves at close range.
When this happens, wolves will resume travelling, which is most likely the intent of the raven to harass in the first place. Attractions Ravens are also attracted to wolves howling, as well as the sounds of gunshots.