Socrates Taught Plato, Who Taught Aristotle, Who Taught Alexander the Great - Fact or Myth?
The Student-Teacher Relationship of Socrates, Plato, Aristotle, and Alexander the Great It is meant to imply that Aristotle is helping Alexander achieve his The student teacher relationship between the famous Greek. two such extraordinary men as Aristotle and Alexander lived and for a brief time .. The capital difference between Alexander and Aristotle, however, was. Aristotle of Stagira was a Greek philosopher who pioneered systematic, scientific owing to his earlier association with Alexander and the Macedonian Court.
For a survey of the sources of the author of the Libra de Alexandre, vid. Accordingly, the poem's image of Aristotle with his outstanding pupil offers interesting elements for exploring the complex phenomenon of intertextuality that interrelates sapiential statements Aristotle's teach- ing and guidance and exemplary literature Alexander as a scholar and warrior.
Moreover, intertextual analysis can be applied to differ- ent perspectives: Unfortunately, we have only three testimonia and three fragments of this work, whose content dates shortly before the Macedo- 4. On the importance of Homer for Alexander and for classical authors who wrote about him, vid.
Behind the scenes with Aristotle and pupil Alexander - The Boston Globe
On the theme of intertextuality in classical Greek historiography, vid. Many personalities took part in the enterprise of Alexander cov- ering various roles, holding different relations with him, and recording the events as eyewitnesses or collecting the accounts of others who had personally seen those glorious deeds.
Even if fragmentary, these works are fundamental because they laid the foundations of the image of Alexander transmitted across the centuries, and also because they constituted the basic evidence for later classical authors whose works are almost entirely preserved see below. Callisthenes of Olynthus was a son of a cousin of Aristotle and the court historian of Alexander's expedition.
He wrote a work on the deeds of the Macedonian, which was interrupted by his premature death because, according to the tradition, he was involved in the Pages'con- spiracy and condemned to death by Alexander himself. These fragments have been published by Felix Jacoby in his collection of the fragments of Greek historians: Fragmente der griechischen Historiker FGrHist For a debate on the origin and the nature of the ephemerides with bibliography, vid.
Previous fundamental scholarly contributions are L. According to Diogenes Laertius 6. Onesicritus is not considered a very reli- able author and he seems to have pointed in his work more to the ideo- logical aspects of Alexander's expedition than to the military character of it.
Behind the scenes with Aristotle and pupil Alexander
Thanks to this experience and the collected 8. FGrHist 36 testimonia and 59 fragments. For a reconstruction of the personality ofCallisthenes vid.
- Alexander the Great - LEARNING FROM ARISTOTLE
On the sources about Callisthenes and Aristotle and the story about the involvement of Aristotle in Alexander's death, vid. In spite of that, he is considered the author at the beginning of the so-called "vulgate" tradition, which is the basis of the histories of Alexander written by Curti us Rufus, Diodorus Siculus, and Justine see below.
FGrHist 16 testimonia and 34 fragments. FGrHist 14 testimonia and 52 fragments. On the childhood of Ptolemy at the Macedonian court, vid. Storia di un paradiso perduto Tivoli - Roma, Edizioni Tored,p.
FGrHist 2 testimonia and 35 fragments. On the role of Ptolemy ofLagus in the foundation ofthe Alexandrian library, vid. Storia di un paradiso perduto, op. He wrote late in his life when he was 84 years old and he shows an apologetic atti- tude towards Alexander. FGrHist 6 testimonia and 64 fragments.
Flavius Arrianus, Alexandri Anabasis 1 with commentary by A. Altogether, with the above mentioned names, Felix Jacoby records 37 different historians of Alexander: The tradition has attributed this work to Callisthenes, but this attribution is not acceptable because Callisthenes died before Alexander and in the romance there is a description of the latter 's death this is the reason why the work is known as of Pseu- do-Callisthenes.
The core material of this work can be dated to the 3rd century BC, but it was expanded through many successive redactions that arrive to the 3rd century AD.
The work contains different writings concerning the birth of Alexander from the pharaoh Nectanebus II, let- ters between Alexander and Darius, a letter to Aristotle about India, the account of Alexander's meetings with the Brahmans who lived near Taxila, the tale about his encounter with Candace, the Queen ofMeroe, and the will of Alexander His work has been epitomized by an anonymous author between the 8th and the 9th century, and this excerpt is known as the Zacher Epitome.
The Greek Novel in Context, ed. The Campaigns of Alexander. On the tradition about the Greek Alexander Romance, vid. The quaderna via not only denotes the innovative poetic form used by the author, but it is also a reference to the quadriv- ium, one of the branches of the medieval studies that included arithmetic, geometry, music, and astronomy, and that together with the trivium grammar, logic, and rhetoric covered the Seven Liberal Arts As we will see, the section of the poem devoted to the dialogue between Aristotle and Alexander, where the latter details the disciplines in which he has been instructed by the for- I follow the text edited by these two scholars for the quotations of the poem within this paper.
For the meaning of mester de clerer,: Quiero leer un livro d'un rey noble, pagano que fue de grant esfuerr;o, de corar;6n lor;ana: This story had a great diffusion starting from the Greek Alexander Romance and its origins can be dated between the 3rd and the 2nd century BC, when different traditions, both Greek and Egyptian, arose to panegyrize the Egyptian For the medievalization of the concept of kingship vid.
Flavius Arrianus, Alexandri Anabasis 1.
Personal relationships of Alexander the Great
Arrian's words also reveal his great passion for Homer and the fact that the Homeric poems were a model for depicting Alexanders' deeds and personality: After these stanzas, the author introduces Alexander's lament about the Persian domination and then the dialogue with his master Aristotle ss. These sections immediately precede three funda- mental moments of the life of Alexander: Our main source for this in- According to the Greek Alexander Romance 1.
He succeeded in seducing the woman and therefore became the father of Alexander the Great. In Diodorus Siculus The author of the Libra de Alexandre casts doubts about the birth from Nectanebus: The city of Stageira, that is, of which Aristotle was a native, and which he had himself destroyed, he peopled again, and restored to it those of its citizens who were in exile or slavery.
It would appear, moreover, that Alexander not only received from his master his ethical and political doctrines, but also par- ticipated in those secret and more profound teachings which philoso- phers designate by the special terms 'acroamatic' and 'epoptic', and do not impart to many.
And this is a copy of the letter. Thou hast not done well to publish thy acroamatic doctrines; for in what shall I surpass other men if those doctrines wherein I have been trained are to be all men's common pro- perty?
But I had rather excel in my acquaintance with the best things than in my power. For he was not only fond of the theory of medicine, but actually came to the aid of his friends when they were sick, and prescribed for them certain treatments and regimens, as one can gather from his letters. He was also by nature a lover of learning and a lover of reading. Aristotle he admired at the first, and loved him, as he himself used to say, more than he did his father, for that the one had given him life, but the other had taught him a noble life; later, however, he held him in more or less of suspicion, not to the extent of doing him any harm, but his kindly attentions lacked their former ardour and affection towards him, and this was proof of estrangement.
Hephaestion makes his appearance in history at the point when Alexander reaches Troy. There they made sacrifices at the shrines of the two heroes Achilles and Patroclus ; Alexander honoring Achilles, and Hephaestion honoring Patroclus. Alexander and Hephaestion were possible lovers,and their tutor,Aristotle, described their relationship as "one soul abiding two bodies," After Hephaestion's death, Alexander mourned him greatly and did not eat for days.
The priests declined, but did offer him the status of divine hero. Alexander died soon after receiving this letter; Mary Renault suggests that his grief over Hephaestion's death had led him to be careless with his health. Campaspe[ edit ] Campaspealso known as Pancaste, is thought to have been a prominent citizen of Larisa in Thessalyand may have been the mistress of Alexander.
If this is true, she was one of the first women with whom Alexander was intimate; Aelian even surmises that it was to her that a young Alexander lost his virginity. One story tells that Campaspe was painted by Apelleswho enjoyed the reputation in Antiquity for being the greatest of painters. The episode occasioned an apocryphal exchange that was reported in Plinor sources for the life of Alexander. Campaspe became a generic poetical pseudonym for a man's mistress.
Barsine[ edit ] Barsine was a noble Persiandaughter of Artabazusand wife of Memnon.
After Memnon's death, several ancient historians have written of a love affair between her and Alexander. Plutarch writes, "At any rate Alexander, so it seems, thought it more worthy of a king to subdue his own passions than to conquer his enemies, and so he never came near these women, nor did he associate with any other before his marriage, with the exception only of Barsine.
This woman, the widow of Memnon, the Greek mercenary commander, was captured at Damascus. She had received a Greek education, was of a gentle disposition, and could claim royal descent, since her father was Artabazus who had married one of the Persian kings daughters. These qualities made Alexander the more willing he was encouraged by Parmenioso Aristobulus tells us to form an attachment to a woman of such beauty and noble lineage.
Hence it was that he first began to indulge in luxurious and splendid banquets, and fell in love with his captive Barsine for her beauty, by whom he had afterwards a son that he called Heracles.
The boy would have been Alexander's only child born during his lifetime Roxane's son was born posthumously. Even if Alexander had ignored him, which seems highly unlikely, the Macedonian Army and the successors would certainly have known of him, and would almost certainly have drawn him into the succession struggles which ensued upon Alexander's death.